Installing Signal – Private Messenger on your iPhone
Step 1: Download and Install Signal Private Messenger
On your iOS device, enter the App Store and search for “Signal.” Select the app Signal - Private Messenger by Open Whisper Systems.
Tap "GET" to download the app, then "INSTALL." You may be prompted to enter your Apple ID credentials. Once it has installed, tap “OPEN” to launch the app.
Step 2: Register and Verify your Phone Number
You will now see the following screen. Enter your mobile phone number and tap “Activate This Device.”
In order to verify your phone number, you will be sent an SMS text with a six-digit code. You will now be prompted to enter that code, and then tap "Submit."
Signal will then request permission to send you notifications. Tap "Allow."
Step 3: Choose a Profile Name and Avatar
The avatar and profile name you choose will be shown to any contacts you have saved in your address book, when you initiate new conversations, and when you explicitly allow contacts or groups to see this information. Enter any relevant information in this step and tap "Save," or skip this step by tapping "Skip" at the top.
In order to use Signal, the person that you are contacting must have Signal installed. If you try to call or send a message to someone using Signal and they do not have the Signal app installed, the app will ask if you would like to invite them via SMS, but it will not allow you to complete your call or send a message to them from inside the app.
Signal provides you with a list of other Signal users in your contacts. To do this, data representing the phone numbers in your contact list is uploaded to the Signal servers, although this data is deleted almost immediately.
How to Send an Encrypted Message
Note that Open Whisper Systems, the makers of Signal, use other companies' infrastructure to send its users alerts that they've received a new message. They use Google on Android and Apple on iPhone. That means information about who is receiving messages and when they were received may leak to these companies.
To get started, tap the compose icon in the upper-right corner of the screen.
Signal will request permission to access your contacts. Tap "OK" if you are comfortable with this. If not, you can enter your contacts’ numbers manually.
You will see a list of all the registered Signal users in your contacts.
When you tap a contact, you'll be brought to the text-messaging screen for your contact. From this screen, you can send end-to-end encrypted text, picture, or video messages.
How to Initiate an Encrypted Call
To initiate an encrypted call to a contact, select that contact and then tap on the phone icon.
At this point, Signal may ask for permission to access the microphone. Tap "OK."
Once a call is established, your call is encrypted.
How to Initiate an Encrypted Video Call
To make an encrypted video call, simply call someone as described above:
and tap the video camera icon. You may have to allow Signal to access your camera and microphone. This shares your video with your friend (your friend may have to do the same):
How to Start an Encrypted Group Chat
You can send an encrypted group message by tapping the compose icon in the upper-right corner of the screen (the square with a pencil pointing to the center), and then tapping the icon in the same place with three figures.
On the following screen, you'll be able to name the group and add participants to it. After adding participants, you can tap "Create" in the upper right corner of the screen.
This will initiate the group chat.
If you wish to change the group name, icon, or add participants, this can be done from the group chat screen by tapping the name of the group and selecting “Edit group.”
Sometimes conversations can be distracting. One feature that is especially useful for group chats is muting notifications so you don't see a new notification every time a new message is written. This can be done from the group chat screen by tapping the group name and selecting “Mute.” You can then select how long you'd like the mute to be active for. This can be applied to individual conversations as well, if desired.
How to Verify your Contacts
At this point, you can verify the authenticity of the person you are talking with to ensure that their encryption key wasn't tampered with or replaced with the key of someone else when your application downloaded it (a process called key verification). Verifying is a process that takes place when you are physically in the presence of the person you are talking with.
First, open the screen where you are able to message your contact, as described above. From this screen, tap the name of your contact at the top of the screen.
From the following screen, tap "Show Safety Number."
You will now be brought to a screen which displays a QR code and a 'safety number.' This code will be unique for every different contact you are conversing with. Have your contact navigate to the corresponding screen for their conversation with you, so that they have a QR code displayed on their screen as well.
Back on your device, tap the QR code to scan. At this point, Signal may ask for permission to access the camera. Tap "OK."
Now you will be able to use the camera to scan the QR code that is displayed on your contact's screen. Align your camera to the QR code:
Hopefully, your camera will scan the QR code and show a "Safety Number Matches!" dialogue, like this:
This indicates that you have verified your contact successfully. You should now tap "Mark as Verified" to have the app remember that your contact has been verified. If instead your screen looks like this, something has gone wrong:
You may want to avoid discussing sensitive topics until you have verified keys with that person.
Note for power users: The screen displaying your QR code also has an icon to share your safety number in the top-right corner. In-person verification is the preferred method, but you may have already authenticated your contact using another secure application. Since you've already verified your contact, you can safely use the trust established in that application to verify numbers within Signal, without having to be physically in the presence of your contact. In this case you can share your safety number with that application by tapping the "share" icon and sending your contact your safety number.
Signal has a feature called “disappearing messages” which ensures that messages will be removed from your device and the device of your contact some chosen amount of time after they are seen.
You do not have control over the person with whom you are chatting—she could be logging or taking screenshots of your conversation, even if you you've enabled "disappearing messages."
To enable "disappearing messages" for a conversation, open the screen where you are able to message your contact. From this screen, tap the name of the contact at the top of the screen, then tap the slider next to "Disappearing Messages."
A slider will appear that allows you to choose how quickly messages will disappear:
After selecting this option, you can tap the "<" icon on the top-left corner of the screen, and you should see information in the conversation indicating that “disappearing messages” have been enabled.
You can now send messages with the assurance that they will be removed after the chosen amount of time.